Examples of Laws Being Introduced in States

  • The summaries below are intended to broadly characterize the types of laws being introduced in states to assist state health agencies and others in understanding national trends and emerging issues surrounding firearms. This resource is provided for informational purposes only. ASTHO does not take a position on state legislation and any specific bills identified below should not be considered endorsed or opposed.

  • General Categories


    • Establishes a task force to assess data and information compiled by law enforcement personnel and health providers related to incidents of firearm violence and injury; provides that the task force would designate a state agency to coordinate a statewide system for reporting the nature, incidence and specific causes of firearm violence.

    Oppose Federal Firearm Restrictions

    • Urging the United States Congress not to relinquish to the Office of the President of the United States the legislative duty to safeguard our most fundamental right; and urging the President of the United States to refrain from any further efforts to restrict ownership of firearms.
    • An employee, agent, or agency of the state, including but not limited to a peace officer, shall not enforce or attempt to enforce any statute, rule, regulation, order, action, or act of the United States government that relates to a firearm, ammunition, ammunition magazine, or firearm accessory that is manufactured within the state and remains exclusively in the state.

    Background Checks/Mental Health

    • To strengthen the state's firearm permitting process by requiring a more comprehensive mental health background check for individuals seeking a pistol or revolver certificate or permit.
    • Mandates NICS check be the exclusive method law enforcement uses to determine whether an applicant is qualified to purchase and possess a firearm.
    • Prohibits any person who is a danger to self or danger to others from possessing, having custody or control of, receiving, purchasing, or attempting to receive or purchase firearms or other dangerous or deadly weapons.
    • Creates a reporting system for persons who seriously threaten a readily identifiable person or persons to a mental health professional. Requires the department of public safety to create a database and list of persons prohibited from possessing, having custody or control of, receiving, purchasing, or attempting to receive or purchase firearms and other dangerous or deadly weapons, which will be accessible to law enforcement, mental health professionals, and sellers of firearms.
    • Requires mental health evaluation and list of household members with mental illness to purchase firearm.

    Firearm Ownership and Privacy

    • Repeals provisions relating to medical privacy concerning firearms & prohibited acts by health care practitioners, health care facilities, and insurers related to collection and use of certain information concerning patient's ownership of firearms; conforms provisions.

    Prohibited Weapons

    • Prohibited weapon; large capacity magazine

    School Safety

    • Authorizes local school boards to adopt a policy authorizing the local superintendent of schools to allow certain school employees to carry a concealed firearm on school premises.
    • Provides that state sales and use taxes collected on firearms & ammunition shall be allocated to Safe Schools Trust Fund; provides that exception to prohibition on open carrying of weapons for certain nonlethal weapons does not apply to persons, other than school faculty or staff members, within school safety zones; provides that person within school safety zone who is carrying weapon or firearm in violation of specified provisions may avoid charges by surrendering weapon or firearm to specified person at earliest opportunity if person has committed no other offense involving weapon or firearm within zone; provides that license to carry concealed weapon or firearm does not authorize any person to openly carry handgun or carry concealed weapon or firearm in school safety zone; requires school district's guidance plan to include mandatory guidance counseling for certain students in school safety issues.


    • Requires annual renewals of firearm registrations. Establishes a firearm registration fee for deposit into a new special fund to pay for mandatory firearm education and training to be attended by firearm owners at least once every two years. Requires any member of a household where a firearm is stored, when applying for a firearm permit to possess a firearm owned by another, to undergo the same evaluation of fitness to acquire a firearm as applicants for a firearm owner permit. Requires firearm owners who have a household member affected by substance abuse or mental disorder to provide annual proof to the police that the household member does not have access to the firearm.
    • Requires proof of firearms safety training as a condition for issuance of firearms purchaser ID cards and permits to purchase handguns.

  • State Examples

    Colorado - May 16, 2013

    • Coordinated Behavioral Health Crisis Response - SB 266 »

    Colorado - March 20, 2013

    Connecticut - April 4, 2013

    New York - January 15, 2013