Preventing Traumatic Brain Injury

Preventing Traumatic Brain Injuries

Characterized as the "silent epidemic," traumatic brain injuries contribute to a substantial number of deaths and cases of permanent disability. Programs and policies to reduce traumatic brain injury (TBI) rates also help reduce injury rates overall.


Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Fact Sheet
Fact Sheet from CDC summarizing the leading causes and risk factors for traumatic brain injury.

Surveillance for Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Deaths: United States, 1997-2007
This report describes the epidemiology and annual rates of TBI-related deaths during 1997-2007.

National Conference of State Legislatures: Traumatic Brain Injury Legislation 
Between 2009 and 2014, 50 states and the District of Columbia passed laws to address traumatic brain injury. The majority of these states enacted legislation targeting youth sports-related concussions. 

National Association of State Head Injury Administrators: Key Issues 
An overview of issues that affect individuals with TBI, including veterans and returning service members and their families.

TBI in Infants

Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome: A Guide for Health Departments and Community-Based Organizations
A guide for health departments and community-based organizations that outlines steps to implement evidence-based intervention strategies, to integrate specific education messages into existing programs for new parents, caregivers, professionals, and the general public, and to engage in activities that impact policy development that are effective in preventing shaken baby syndrome.

Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention Legislation
Shaken baby syndrome prevention legislation as of January 2014. 

Pediatric Abuse Head Trauma: Recommended Definitions for Public Health Surveillance and Research
For children in the first year of life, the majority of serious head injuries result from abuse.

Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and Children 
This article from Pediatrics discusses the role of the pediatrician in preventing abusive head trauma in infants and children.  

Youth Sports Concussions

Sport-Related Concussion in Children and Adolescents 
This report serves as a basis for understanding the diagnosis and management of concussion in children and adolescent athletes. (Pediatrics)

Implementing Return to Play: Learning from the Experiences of Early Implementers
Case study evaluation on the Return to Play implementation efforts in two states: Washington and Massachusetts.

Traumatic Brain Injuries Related to Sports and Recreation Activities Among Youth
Compared with adults, children and adolescents have an increased risk for TBIs with increased severity and prolonged recovery. Many states and the federal government are considering or implementing laws to direct the response to suspected brain injury.

Network for Public Health Law: State Sports Concussion Laws
Specific provisions of sports concussion laws as of June 2013.

Heads Up to Clinicians: Addressing Concussion in Sports Among Kids and Teens
A free, online course developed by CDC through support from the CDC Foundation and the National Football League, available to health care professionals.

Mechanisms of Team-Sport Related Brain Injuries in Children 5 to 19 Years Old: Opportunities for Prevention 
The results of this study suggest that further efforts aimed at universal rule changes, safer playing environments, and the education of coaches, players, and parents should be targeted in maximizing prevention of sport-related brain injury using a multifaceted approach.

Military and TBI

Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury
Information and leadership training on advancing excellence in psychological health and traumatic brain injury prevention and care.

Nebraska Veterans Brain Injury Task Force
The Task Force has taken the lead in implementing action-oriented steps to improve statewide awareness and education about the particular needs of military members, veterans and their families as they face the challenges of brain injury, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and reintegration.

Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Understanding the Public Health Problem among Current and Former Military Personnel
This report highlights major findings on the incidence and prevalence of military service-related TBI, as well as recommendations for improving prevention and management of TBI among military personnel.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center: Online Education 
In order to promote the best possible care for service members and veterans, DVBIC offers online education for both civilian and military providers to learn about traumatic brain injury.

TBI in Older Adults

Help Seniors Live Better, Longer: Prevent Brain Injury 
"Help Seniors Live Better, Longer: Prevent Brain Injury" is a CDC initiative to raise awareness among children and other caregivers of older adults about ways to prevent, recognize, and respond to TBI in adults 75 and older.

Traumatic Brain Injury Facts: TBI & Older Adults 
Persons age 75 years and older have the highest rates of TBI hospitalization and death.

Public Health Grand Rounds Presentation on Preventing Falls, Traumatic Brain Injury in Older Adults
Archived webcast addressing innovative, evidence-based programs to help prevent falls among older adults. 

Preventing Traumatic Brain Injury in Older Adults 
This resource from CDC provides information about TBI in older adults and ways to prevent it.