Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries

Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries

Crash-related deaths and injuries are largely preventable. States can utilize systems, policy, and programmatic interventions to target and prevent this serious public health problem.

Overview

Highway Safety Law Charts
Select a topic to view a chart of applicable laws in all U.S. states and territories.

Save Lives, Save Dollars: Prevent Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries 
A one-page fact sheet summarizing prevention policies that have been shown to save lives and reduce costs. 

NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis
Browse traffic safety fact sheets, research notes, and Crash*Stats.

WISQARS: Cost of Injury Reports
Generate cost of injury estimates for fatal or nonfatal injuries.

State Traffic Safety Information - GIS Fatal Traffic Crash Maps
This utility provides location-based maps of fatal crashes for the years 2008-2010.

Child Passenger Safety

Arizona Enhances Law to Boost Child Passenger Safety
Ensuring the safety of child passengers is a sound policy decision - one that supports the health and safety of young children and reinforces safe transportation practices among families and communities. 

Booster Seat Laws and Fatalities in Children 4 to 7 Years of Age
When controlling for other motor vehicle legislation, temporal and economic factors, states with booster seat laws had fewer fatalities. (Pediatrics)

CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety -- Buckle up every age, every trip
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for children in the United States. Buckling up is the best way to save lives and reduce injuries. 

Technical Report - Child Passenger Safety 
This technical report provides a summary of the evidence in support of five recommendations for best practices to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence that all pediatricians should know and promote in their routine practice. (Pediatrics

Digest of Motor Laws: Child Passenger Safety
Child passenger safety laws by state.

Teen Drivers

Curbing Teen Driver Crashes: An In-Depth Look at State Initiatives
Overview of state programs and activities to address teen driver safety.

Blueprint for Ending Distracted Driving 
The plan outlines important considerations to reduce the risks posed by distracted driving.

NHTSA State Assessment Program: Novice Teen Driver Education and Training Administrative Standards 
Resource to assist states in planning and implementing effective driver education systems. 

Research Report: Teens in Cars
This study surveyed 1,000 teens to learn why more teens die in motor vehicle crashes than from any other cause of death. 

CDC Vital Signs: Teen Drinking and Driving -- A Dangerous Mix 
1 in 10 teens in high school drinks and drives. There are proven ways that help to keep teens safe behind the wheel, such as parental involvement, minimum legal drinking age and zero tolerance laws, and graduated driver licensing systems.  

Graduated Driver Licensing Decal Law: Effect on Young Probationary Drivers
New Jersey implemented the fırst decal law in the U.S. on May 1, 2010. This study examines the impact of a decal law on enforcement of GDL provisions by police, as well as crash rates among probationary drivers. (American Journal of Preventive Medicine) 

Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries in the General Population

Universal Motorcycle Helmet Laws Recommended to Reduce Deaths and Injuries
The Community Prevention Services Task Force-an independent, nonfederal, unpaid panel of public health and prevention experts-recommends universal helmet laws to increase helmet use and reduce motorcycle-related deaths and injuries based on strong evidence of effectiveness.

Using Evidence for Public Health Decision Making: Community Guide Task Force
A summary of recommendations for motor vehicle-related injury prevention.

Lives Saved in 2011 by Restraint Use and Minimum Drinking Age Laws
Seat belts have saved nearly 66,000 lives during the 5-year period from 2007 to 2011.

State Motor Vehicle Fatalities and State Alcohol-Impaired Motor Vehicle Fatalities, 2011
Twenty-seven states experienced reductions in the number of alcohol-impaired-driving fatalities.

Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law: Saving Lives and Money
This study estimates between 68-92 fewer fatalities from motor vehicle crashes, and 320-550 fewer serious injuries since the primary seat belt law went into effect. This improved safety record translates into at least $45 million in avoided hospital charges, including a direct savings of nearly $10 million or more tax dollars.

Older Adult Drivers

Older Adult Drivers: Get the Facts
Fact sheet from CDC summarizing risk factors that contribute to older adult motor vehicle accidents and p
rotective factors that may help improve older drivers’ safety. 

NHTSA Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs: Older Driver Safety 
This guideline recommends the key components of a state older driver safety program, and criteria that the program components should meet. 

Mature Driver Laws
33 states and the District of Columbia have special provisions for mature drivers. 

Ohio Older Drivers Program
The Older Driver Safety Program primarily focuses on reducing the number of injuries and fatalities experienced by older drivers. The program utilizes a public health approach to develop collaborative relationships with the Division of Aging Services and other older driver stakeholders to provide technical assistance and resource development for health and safety professionals, as well as the public.