Public Health and Information Sharing Toolkit

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Supplemental Materials

The Supplemental Materials compilation lists key documents and additional resources about the issues raised in the Public Health & Information Sharing Toolkit. The documents listed are for reference purposes only and are not a complete listing of resources available on the issue. Individual users are responsible for researching the current text of laws, statutes, regulations, and other materials. The document lists bibliographical information and, where available, online links to the resources. All links are current as of Feb. 15, 2013. Please report broken links to ASTHO at communications@astho.org.

Index 

General Resources and Compilations

A-F 
Americans with Disabilities Act
Business and Employer Planning and Preparedness
Civil Liberties
Coordinated Response to Emergencies
Critical Infrastructure Information Act
De-Identification
Duty to Warn
Electronic Health Information
Employee Health Information
Ethics, Data Use, and Disclosure
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
Forensic Epidemiology
Fourth Amendment
Freedom of Information Laws
Fusion Centers

G-Z 
Homeland Security Act
Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Information Sharing Environment
Informational Privacy
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
Individual Rights vs. Police Powers
Law Enforcement
Media
National Security Act
Occupational Safety and Health Act
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Response Act
Right to Privacy
Surveillance, Public Health
Syndromic Surveillance
U.S.A. Patriot Act
Workplace Preparedness

 


General Resources and Compilations

Governmental

CDC, Public Health Law Program. "Emergency Preparedness." Available at http://www.cdc.gov/phlp/publications/topic/emergency.html.

FEMA, Department of Homeland Security. "National Response Framework." December 2008. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-core.pdf.

HHS. "Public Health Preparedness Capabilities: National Standards for State and Local Planning." March 2011. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/phpr/capabilities/DSLR_capabilities_July.pdf.

Other Sources

American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). "Homeland Security Act, Patriot Act, Freedom of Information Act, and HIM," updated November 2010. Available at http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok1_048641.hcsp?dDocName=bok1_048641.

George Washington University, Hirsh Health Law and Policy Program. "Health Information & the Law." Available at http://www.healthinfolaw.org.

Goodman, R. (ed.). "Chapter Three: Regulating Public Health: Principles and Application of Administrative Law." "Chapter Six: Criminal Law and Public Health Practice." "Chapter Ten: Identifiable Health and the Public's Health: Practice, Research, and Policy." In: "Law in Public Health Practice," 2d edition. Oxford University Press.

Gostin, L. "Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint." California/Milbank Books on Health and the Public.

The State of Health Privacy. "A Survey of State Health Privacy Laws," organized alphabetically by state, 2nd edition, 2002. Volume 1 (Alabama to Montana) available at http://sharps.org/wp-content/uploads/PRITTS-REPORT1.pdf. Volume 2 (Nebraska to Wyoming) available at http://sharps.org/wp-content/uploads/PRITTS-REPORT2.pdf.

 

Americans with Disabilities Act

See also "Business and Employer Planning and Preparedness"

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Pub. L. 101-336, as amended, codified at 42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq. Titles I and V available at http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/ada.cfm. Titles I, II, III, and V available at http://www.ada.gov/pubs/ada.htm.  

Regulations to Implement the Equal Employment Provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act. 29 C.F.R. Part 1630. Available here.

Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in State and Local Government Services. 28 C.F.R. Part 35. Available here.

Guidance Documents

Interpretive Guidance on Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act. 29 C.F.R. Part 1630, Appendix to Part 1630. Available here.

Offices/Programs/Activities

U.S. Department of Justice, Americans with Disabilities Act. "ADA HOME PAGE." Available at http://www.ada.gov.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Available at http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/index.cfm.

Other Resources

U.S. Department of Justice. "ADA Best Practices Tool Kit for State and Local Governments: Chapter 7 Addendum 1: Title II Checklist (Emergency Management)." Available at: http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/pcatoolkit/chap7emergencymgmtadd1.htm.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. "Pandemic Preparedness in the Workplace and the Americans with Disabilities Act." Available at http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/pandemic_flu.html.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division. "Americans with Disabilities Act: Questions and Answers." Available at http://www.ada.gov/q%26aeng02.htm.

 

Business and Employer Planning and Preparedness

See also "Americans with Disabilities Act"

Resources

CDC. "Guidance for Businesses and Employers To Plan and Respond to the 2009 - 2010 Influenza Season." August 19, 2009. Available at http://www.flu.gov/planning-preparedness/business/guidance.pdf.

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. "Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for an Influenza Pandemic." OSHA Publication No. 3327. Available at http://www.osha.gov/Publications/influenza_pandemic.html.

HHS. Flu Business Planning and Preparedness Resources. Available at http://www.flu.gov/planning-preparedness/business/index.html.

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. "Safety and Health Topics: Pandemic Influenza." Available at http://www.osha.gov/dsg/topics/pandemicflu/index.html.

U.S. Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy. "Disability Employment Policy Resources by Topic: Emergency Preparedness." Available at http://www.dol.gov/odep/topics/EmergencyPreparedness.htm.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. "Fact Sheet on Obtaining and Using Employee Medical Information as Part of Emergency Evacuation Procedures." Available at http://eeoc.gov/facts/evacuation.html#N_2.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. "Pandemic Preparedness in the Workplace and the Americans with Disabilities Act." Available at http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/pandemic_flu.html.

 

Civil Liberties

See also "Fourth Amendment"

See also "Individual Rights vs. Police Powers"

Constitution

United States Constitution. Available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution.

Other Resources

U.S. Department of Homeland Security and U.S. Department of Justice. "Fusion Center Privacy Policy Development - Privacy Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties Policy Template." April 2010. Available for download at http://www.it.ojp.gov/docdownloader.aspx?ddid=1269.

German, M. and Stanley, J. "Fusion Center Update." American Civil Liberties Union. July 2008. Available at http://www.aclu.org/files/pdfs/privacy/fusion_update_20080729.pdf.

 

Coordinated Response to Emergencies

See also "Law Enforcement"

Offices/Programs/Activities

FEMA, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "National Response Framework." December 2008. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-core.pdf.

Other Resources

CDC and U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. "A Framework for Improving Cross-Sector Coordination for Emergency Preparedness and Response: Action Steps for Public Health, Law Enforcement, the Judiciary and Corrections." July 2008. Available at http://cdc.gov/phlp/docs/CDC_BJA_Framework.pdf.

CDC and U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. "Joint Public Health - Law Enforcement Investigation: Model Memorandum of Understanding." July 2008. Available at http://www.nasemso.org/Projects/DomesticPreparedness/documents/JIMOUFinal.pdf.

 

Critical Infrastructure Information Act

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Critical Infrastructure Information Act of 2002. Pub. L. 107-296, codified at 6 U.S.C. 131 et seq. Available at http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/CII-Act-508.pdf.

Offices/Programs/Activities

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "Protected Critical Infrastructure Information (PCII) Program." Available at http://www.dhs.gov/protected-critical-infrastructure-information-pcii-program.

 

De-Identification

See "Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)"

 

Duty to Warn

See "Ethics, Data Use, and Disclosure"

 

Electronic Health Information

Offices/Programs/Activities

Office of National Coordinator for Health Information Technology Health Information Technology webpage. Available at http://www.healthit.gov/.  

Other Resources

CDC. "Meaningful Use." Available at http://www.cdc.gov/ehrmeaningfuluse.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "Health Information Technology." Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/special/healthit/index.html.

Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. "What is meaningful use?" Available at http://www.healthit.gov/policy-researchers-implementers/meaningful-use.

 

Employee Health Information

See also "Americans with Disabilities Act"

Resources

HIPAA Collaborative of Wisconsin Privacy Taskforce. "Management of Employee Health Records Whitepaper." 2006. Available for download at http://hipaacow.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/2013-Occupational-Health-Services-Whitepaper-4-15-13-FINAL.doc.  

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. "The ADA: Your Employment Rights as an Individual With a Disability." Available at http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/ada18.html.

 

Ethics, Data Use, and Disclosure

Resources

Fairchild, A., et al. "Public Goods, Private Data: HIV and the History, Ethics, and Uses of Identifiable Public Health Information." Public Health Rep. 2007; 122(Suppl 1): 7-15. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1804110.

 

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. Pub. L. 93-380, as amended. Codified at 20 U.S.C. § 1232g. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/USCODE-2009-title20/pdf/USCODE-2009-title20-chap31-subchapIII-part4-sec1232g.pdf.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Regulations. 34 C.F.R. Part 99. Available at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?c=ecfr&SID=e6995dd27bbb4145f812c2db6cf0198f&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title34/34cfr99_main_02.tpl.

U.S. Department of Education. "Family Educational Rights and Privacy." 76 F.R. 75604. Dec. 2, 2011. Available at www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-02/pdf/2011-30683.pdf.

Guidance Documents

HHS and U.S. Department of Education. "Joint Guidance on the Application of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 to Student Health Records." November 2008. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/doc/ferpa-hipaa-guidance.pdf

Offices/Programs/Activities

U.S. Department of Education. "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)." Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html.

Other Resources

U.S. Department of Education. "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act and H1N1." October 2009. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/pdf/ferpa-h1n1.pdf.

U.S. Department of Education. "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Disclosure of Student Information Related to Emergencies and Disasters." June 2010. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/pdf/ferpa-disaster-guidance.pdf.

U.S. Department of Education, Family Policy Compliance Office. "Letter of Technical Assistance to the Regents of the University of California." Sept. 17, 1999. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/library/oakland_ca.html

U.S. Department of Education, Family Policy Compliance Office. "Letter to Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District (CA) re: Potential Conflict with State Law." Jan. 16, 2004. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/library/suarezconflict.html

U.S. Department of Education, Family Policy Compliance Office. "Letter to University of New Mexico re: Applicability of FERPA to Health and Other State Reporting Requirements." Nov. 29, 2004. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/library/baiseunmslc.html

 

Forensic Epidemiology

See "Law Enforcement"

 

Fourth Amendment

See also "Law Enforcement"

Constitution

United States Constitution. Text available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution.

Cases

Camara v. Municipal Court, 387 U.S. 523 (1967). Available at http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=387&invol=523.

Ferguson v. City of Charleston, 532 U.S. 67 (2001). Available at http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=000&invol=99-936.

See v. City of Seattle, 387 U.S. 541 (1967). Available at http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=387&invol=541.

Other Resources

Goodman, R. (ed.). "Chapter Six: Criminal Law and Public Health Practice." In: "Law in Public Health Practice," 2d edition. Oxford University Press.

 

Freedom of Information Laws

Resources

Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. "Open Government Guide." Available at http://www.rcfp.org/open-government-guide.

 

Fusion Centers

See "Information Sharing Environment"

 

Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH)

See also "Electronic Health Information"

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH). Pub. L. 111-5, 42 U.S.C. 300jj et seq.; 17901 et seq. Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/coveredentities/hitechact.pdf

Other Resources

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "HITECH Act Rulemaking and Implementation Update." Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/coveredentities/hitechblurb.html.

 

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Pub. L. No. 104-191, codified at 42 U.S.C. §1320d et seq. and §300gg; and 29 U.S.C §1181 et seq. Available at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=104_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ191.104.

HHS. Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information. 45 C.F.R. Parts 160 and 164 available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/coveredentities/introduction.html.

Guidance Documents

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "Guidance Regarding Methods for De-identification of Protected Health Information in Accordance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule." Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/coveredentities/De-identification/guidance.html.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "HIPAA Privacy Rule and Public Health: Guidance from CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services." April 11, 2003. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/m2e411a1.htm.

HHS and U.S. Department of Education. "Joint Guidance on the Application of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 to Student Health Records." November 2008. Available at http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/doc/ferpa-hipaa-guidance.pdf.

Summaries of Law, Statute, and Regulations

HHS Office for Civil Rights "Summary of HIPAA Privacy Rule." Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/summary/index.html.

Offices/Programs/Activities

HHS. "Health Information Privacy." Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/index.html.

Other Resources

Chaikind H., et al. "The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996: Overview and Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions." Congressional Research Service. Jan. 24, 2005. Available at http://www.law.umaryland.edu/marshall/crsreports/crsdocuments/RL3163401242005.pdf.

Moore, J. "Disclosing Protected Health Information (PHI) to Law Enforcement: Guidelines for N.C. Local Health Departments." May 2013. Available at http://www.sog.unc.edu/sites/www.sog.unc.edu/files/additional_files/LE-May%202013.pdf.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "Disclosures for Emergency Preparedness - A Decision Tool." Available at: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/special/emergency/decisiontoolintro.html.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. Frequently Asked Questions Database. Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/faq/index.html.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "When does the Privacy Rule allow covered entities to disclose protected health information to law enforcement officials?" Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/faq/disclosures_for_law_enforcement_purposes/505.html.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "Health Information Privacy: Public Health." Available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/special/publichealth/index.html.

 

Homeland Security Act of 2002

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Homeland Security Act of 2002. P.L. 107-296. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-107publ296/pdf/PLAW-107publ296.pdf.

Offices/Programs/Activities

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Available at http://www.dhs.gov.

 

Individual Rights vs. Police Powers

Cases

Ferguson v. City of Charleston, 532 U.S. 67 (2001). Available at http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=000&invol=99-936.

Jacobson v. Com. of Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11 (1905). Available at http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=197&invol=11.

Planned Parenthood of Missouri v. Danforth, 428 U.S. 52 (1976). Available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0428_0052_ZS.html.

Whalen v. Roe, 429 U.S. 589 (1977). Available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0429_0589_ZO.html.

Other Resources

O'Connor, J. "Informational Privacy Protections: Do State Laws Offer Public Health Leaders the Flexibility They Need?" 2009. Available at http://www.sph-dev.sites.unc.edu/files/2013/08/oconnor.pdf.

 

Information Sharing Environment

Offices/Programs/Activities

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "Information Sharing." Available at http://www.dhs.gov/information-sharing.

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. "Fusion Centers and Intelligence Sharing." Available at http://www.it.ojp.gov/default.aspx?area=nationalInitiatives&page=1181.

United States Government. "Information Sharing Environment." Available at http://ise.gov/.

Key Documents

U.S. Senate. "Federal Support for and Involvement in State and Local Fusion Centers." Oct. 3, 2012. Available here.

Other Resources

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "National Network of Fusion Centers Fact Sheet." Available at http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_1296484657738.shtm.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centers." Available at http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_1156877184684.shtm.

U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "Fusion Center Guidelines: Developing and Sharing Information and Intelligence in a New Era." Available at http://www.it.ojp.gov/documents/fusion_center_guidelines_law_enforcement.pdf.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security and U.S. Department of Justice. "Fusion Center Privacy Policy Development - Privacy Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties Policy Template." April 2010. Available for download at http://www.it.ojp.gov/docdownloader.aspx?ddid=1269.

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Program. "Baseline Capabilities for State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centers ." September 2008. Available for download at http://www.it.ojp.gov/default.aspx?area=nationalInitiatives&page=1181.

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Program. "Health Security: Public Health and Medical Integration for Fusion Centers Appendix." July 2011. Available for download at http://www.it.ojp.gov/default.aspx?area=nationalInitiatives&page=1181.

United States Government, Information Sharing Environment. "Background and Authorities for ISE." Available at http://ise.gov/background-and-authorities.

 

Informational Privacy

See "Individual Rights vs. Police Powers"

See also "Right to Privacy"

 

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. P.L. 105-458. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-108publ458/pdf/PLAW-108publ458.pdf.

 

Law Enforcement

See also "Coordinated Response to Emergencies"

Resources

Association of State and Territorial Health Officers (ASTHO). "Information Management for State Health Officials: Public Health, Law Enforcement, and Privacy Issues." 2006. Available at http://www.astho.org/Programs/e-Health/Privacy/Materials/Public-Health,-Law-Enforcement,-and-Privacy-Issues/.  

CDC, HHS, and U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. "Joint Public Health - Law Enforcement Investigation: Model Memorandum of Understanding." July 2008. Available at http://www.nasemso.org/Projects/DomesticPreparedness/documents/JIMOUFinal.pdf.

CDC. "Forensic Epidemiology." Available at http://www.cdc.gov/phlp/publications/forensicepidemiology/index.html.

Goodman, RA, Munson, JW, Dammer, K., Lazzarini, Z., and Barkely JP. "Forensic Epidemiology: Law at the Intersection of Public Health and Criminal Investigations." Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics. December 2003. 31(4) 684-700. Abstract available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1748-720X.2003.tb00135.x/abstract.

Moore, J. "Disclosing Protected Health Information (PHI) to Law Enforcement: Guidelines for N.C. Local Health Departments." May 2013. Available at http://www.sog.unc.edu/sites/www.sog.unc.edu/files/additional_files/LE-May%202013.pdf.

HHS Office for Civil Rights. "When does the Privacy Rule allow covered entities to disclose protected health information to law enforcement officials?" Available here.

U.S. Department of Justice. "Criminal and Epidemiological Investigation Handbook." 2011 edition. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/phlp/docs/CrimEpiHandbook2011.pdf.

U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. "The Role of Law Enforcement in Public health Emergencies: Special Considerations for an All-Hazards Approach." September 2006. Available at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/bja/214333.pdf.

United States Government, Information Sharing Environment. "Law Enforcement Information Sharing." Available at http://ise.gov/law-enforcement-information-sharing.

 

Media

See also "Freedom of Information Laws"

Resources

Association of Health Care Journalists. "Guidance on the release of information concerning deaths, epidemics or emerging diseases." Available at http://healthjournalism.org/secondarypage-details.php?id=965.

 

National Security Act

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

National Security Act of 1947. P.L. 80-253, as amended, codified at 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq. Available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/50/chapter-15.

 

Occupational Safety and Health Act

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Public Law 91-596, as amended, codified at 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq. Available at http://www.osha.gov/law-regs.html.

"Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Department of Labor." 29 C.F.R. Parts 1900-1910. Available at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?SID=449145ee248d8381a44e34f33379e3f6&c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title29/29cfrv5_02.tpl.

Offices/Programs/Activities

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Available at http://www.osha.gov.

Other Resources

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. "Emergency Preparedness and Response." Available at http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/index.html.

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Information about OSHA for Workers. Available at http://www.osha.gov/workers.html

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. "OSHA Coverage of State and Local Government Workers." Available at http://www.osha.gov/workers/index.html

 

Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Response Act

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Response Act of 2002. Pub. L. 107-188. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-107publ188/html/PLAW-107publ188.htm.

 

Right to Privacy

See "Individual Rights vs. Police Powers"

Resources

Gorkin, R. "The Constitutional Right to Information Privacy: NASA v. Nelson." 2012. Available at http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1063&context=djclpp_sidebar.

 

Surveillance, Public Health

Offices/Programs/Activities

CDC. "CDC Surveillance Resource Center." Available at http://www.cdc.gov/surveillancepractice.

Other Resources

CDC. "Emergency Preparedness and Response: Surveillance." Available at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/episurv.

CDC. "National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS)." Available at http://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/.

 

Syndromic Surveillance

See also "Surveillance"

Resources

Association of State and Territorial Health Officers (ASTHO). "Information Management for State Health Officials: The Impact of the HIPAA Privacy Rule on Syndromic Surveillance." 2004. Available at http://www.astho.org/Programs/e-Health/Privacy/Materials/The-Impact-of-the-HIPAA-Privacy-Rule-on-Syndromic-Surveillance-(2004)/.

CDC. "Overview of Syndromic Surveillance: What is Syndromic Surveillance?" Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2004:53 5-11. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su5301a3.htm.

 

U.S.A. Patriot Act

Public Law, Statute and Regulations

U.S.A. Patriot Act of 2001. P.L. 107-56. Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-107publ56/pdf/PLAW-107publ56.pdf.

 

Workplace Preparedness

See "Business and Employer Planning and Preparedness"